More than a million people die of malaria every year.
Virtually all malaria deaths occurs in areas inhabited by
the female Anopheles mosquito. Four members of the genus
plasmodium cause malaria in humans; Plasmodium malaria, P
vivax, P ovale and P. falciparum.
The disease occurs when any of the four
species is present in the saliva of an anopheles mosquito
and is injected into the human bloodstream by the incest’s
bite. The parasites infect the liver and ultimately
release progeny back into the bloodstream, where red blood
cells become infected. The red blood cells lyses,
showering the bloodstream with more parasites, which then
infect additional red blood cells. Rupture of the red
blood cells occurs in a synchronized manner, resulting in
the periodic episodes of chills and fever that are typical